Release: 1.2.0b1 | Release Date: unreleased

SQLAlchemy 1.2 Documentation

Contents | Index

Source code for examples.custom_attributes.listen_for_events

Illustrates how to attach events to all instrumented attributes
and listen for change events.


from sqlalchemy import event

def configure_listener(class_, key, inst):
    def append(instance, value, initiator):
        instance.receive_change_event("append", key, value, None)

    def remove(instance, value, initiator):
        instance.receive_change_event("remove", key, value, None)

    def set_(instance, value, oldvalue, initiator):
        instance.receive_change_event("set", key, value, oldvalue)

    event.listen(inst, 'append', append)
    event.listen(inst, 'remove', remove)
    event.listen(inst, 'set', set_)

if __name__ == '__main__':

    from sqlalchemy import Column, Integer, String, ForeignKey
    from sqlalchemy.orm import relationship
    from sqlalchemy.ext.declarative import declarative_base

    class Base(object):

        def receive_change_event(self, verb, key, value, oldvalue):
            s = "Value '%s' %s on attribute '%s', " % (value, verb, key)
            if oldvalue:
                s += "which replaced the value '%s', " % oldvalue
            s += "on object %s" % self

    Base = declarative_base(cls=Base)

    event.listen(Base, 'attribute_instrument', configure_listener)

    class MyMappedClass(Base):
        __tablename__ = "mytable"

        id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
        data = Column(String(50))
        related_id = Column(Integer, ForeignKey(""))
        related = relationship("Related", backref="mapped")

        def __str__(self):
            return "MyMappedClass(data=%r)" %

    class Related(Base):
        __tablename__ = "related"

        id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
        data = Column(String(50))

        def __str__(self):
            return "Related(data=%r)" %

    # classes are instrumented.  Demonstrate the events !

    m1 = MyMappedClass(data='m1', related=Related(data='r1')) = 'm1mod'