Release: 1.0.17 | Release Date: January 17, 2017

SQLAlchemy 1.0 Documentation

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Source code for examples.dogpile_caching.model


The datamodel, which represents Person that has multiple
Address objects, each with PostalCode, City, Country.

Person --(1..n)--> Address
Address --(has a)--> PostalCode
PostalCode --(has a)--> City
City --(has a)--> Country

from sqlalchemy import Column, Integer, String, ForeignKey
from sqlalchemy.orm import relationship
from .caching_query import FromCache, RelationshipCache
from .environment import Base, bootstrap

class Country(Base):
    __tablename__ = 'country'

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    name = Column(String(100), nullable=False)

    def __init__(self, name): = name

class City(Base):
    __tablename__ = 'city'

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    name = Column(String(100), nullable=False)
    country_id = Column(Integer, ForeignKey(''), nullable=False)
    country = relationship(Country)

    def __init__(self, name, country): = name = country

class PostalCode(Base):
    __tablename__ = 'postal_code'

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    code = Column(String(10), nullable=False)
    city_id = Column(Integer, ForeignKey(''), nullable=False)
    city = relationship(City)

    def country(self):

    def __init__(self, code, city):
        self.code = code = city

class Address(Base):
    __tablename__ = 'address'

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    person_id = Column(Integer, ForeignKey(''), nullable=False)
    street = Column(String(200), nullable=False)
    postal_code_id = Column(Integer, ForeignKey(''))
    postal_code = relationship(PostalCode)

    def city(self):

    def country(self):

    def __str__(self):
        return "%s\t"\
              "%s, %s\t"\
              "%s" % (self.street,,

class Person(Base):
    __tablename__ = 'person'

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    name = Column(String(100), nullable=False)
    addresses = relationship(Address, collection_class=set)

    def __init__(self, name, *addresses): = name
        self.addresses = set(addresses)

    def __str__(self):

    def __repr__(self):
        return "Person(name=%r)" %

    def format_full(self):
        return "\t".join([str(x) for x in [self] + list(self.addresses)])

# Caching options.   A set of three RelationshipCache options
# which can be applied to Query(), causing the "lazy load"
# of these attributes to be loaded from cache.
cache_address_bits = RelationshipCache(, "default").\
                    RelationshipCache(, "default")
                    RelationshipCache(Address.postal_code, "default")