Release: 1.3.0b3 beta release | Release Date: February 8, 2019

SQLAlchemy 1.3 Documentation

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Source code for examples.dogpile_caching.model

"""The datamodel, which represents Person that has multiple
Address objects, each with PostalCode, City, Country.

Person --(1..n)--> Address
Address --(has a)--> PostalCode
PostalCode --(has a)--> City
City --(has a)--> Country

from sqlalchemy import Column
from sqlalchemy import ForeignKey
from sqlalchemy import Integer
from sqlalchemy import String
from sqlalchemy.orm import relationship
from .caching_query import RelationshipCache
from .environment import Base
from .environment import bootstrap

class Country(Base):
    __tablename__ = "country"

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    name = Column(String(100), nullable=False)

    def __init__(self, name): = name

class City(Base):
    __tablename__ = "city"

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    name = Column(String(100), nullable=False)
    country_id = Column(Integer, ForeignKey(""), nullable=False)
    country = relationship(Country)

    def __init__(self, name, country): = name = country

class PostalCode(Base):
    __tablename__ = "postal_code"

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    code = Column(String(10), nullable=False)
    city_id = Column(Integer, ForeignKey(""), nullable=False)
    city = relationship(City)

    def country(self):

    def __init__(self, code, city):
        self.code = code = city

class Address(Base):
    __tablename__ = "address"

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    person_id = Column(Integer, ForeignKey(""), nullable=False)
    street = Column(String(200), nullable=False)
    postal_code_id = Column(Integer, ForeignKey(""))
    postal_code = relationship(PostalCode)

    def city(self):

    def country(self):

    def __str__(self):
        return "%s\t%s, %s\t%s" % (

class Person(Base):
    __tablename__ = "person"

    id = Column(Integer, primary_key=True)
    name = Column(String(100), nullable=False)
    addresses = relationship(Address, collection_class=set)

    def __init__(self, name, *addresses): = name
        self.addresses = set(addresses)

    def __str__(self):

    def __repr__(self):
        return "Person(name=%r)" %

    def format_full(self):
        return "\t".join([str(x) for x in [self] + list(self.addresses)])

# Caching options.   A set of three RelationshipCache options
# which can be applied to Query(), causing the "lazy load"
# of these attributes to be loaded from cache.
cache_address_bits = (
    RelationshipCache(, "default")
    .and_(RelationshipCache(, "default"))
    .and_(RelationshipCache(Address.postal_code, "default"))